This 12-pounder light gun was known as the “Napoleon” and featured a bronze barrel (as does this replica). The Napoleon gun was so very widely used during the Civil War because it was as effective as its predecessors, but much lighter and more mobile. It was popular because it did its cruel work so well with a solid shot, explosive shell, and spherical case shot (containing many small balls). Effective range was about 1,000 yards and maximum range was nearly one mile.
This replica is 4″ and features a bronze barrel.