Thomas Jonathan Jackson, born in Clarksburg, Virginia, was one of the most revered of all Confederate commanders and Robert E. Lee’s most trusted lieutenant. A graduate of West Point (1846), he had served in the Mexican War, earning two brevets, before resigning to accept a professorship at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington.
Famed for his superb leadership of Confederate forces, especially during the Valley campaign of 1862, Jackson was a Southern hero. During First Manassas, he earned his nickname when in the tumult of battle, Brigadier General Barnard E. Bee claimed, “There is Jackson standing like a stone wall.” In May 1863, “Stonewall” Jackson was wounded by friendly fire at Chancellorsville, Virginia. Following the amputation of his arm, he died eight days later. Lee deeply felt the loss: “He has lost his left arm; but I have lost my right arm.”